This report gives an account of the progress towards achieving the Vision 2020 goals and Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS) targets, the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG1), and the implementation of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) compact in Rwanda. It is significant that these various targets have a common goal of engendering the modernization and transformation of the agriculture sector. On the progress towards CAADP implementation, Rwanda held a roundtable meeting in 2007 which culminated in the signing of a CAADP compact between the Government of Rwanda, development partners, civil society and the private sector. In 2009, Rwanda was the first country in Africa to hold its post-CAADP compact high-level stakeholder meeting, at which all partners deliberated on the country’s agriculture sector investment plan. As a result, the agriculture-led growth is viewed as a main strategy to achieve MDGs; policy efficiency, dialogue, review and accountability mechanisms are in place and the country SAKSS node is established and operational. More importantly, Rwanda allocated 10.2% of its national budget to the agriculture sector for the fiscal year 2010/11 and achieved an average annual growth of 7.4% in 2010.