Many decisions that affect the well-being of individuals are made within families or households. The processes by which resources are allocated among individuals and the outcomes of those processes are commonly referred to as “intrahousehold resource allocation.” Since the early 1990s a growing literature has paid increasing attention to the role that intrahousehold resource allocation plays in affecting the outcome of development policy (see Strauss and Thomas 1995; Behrman 1997; Haddad, Hoddinott, and Alderman 1997 for reviews). This literature questions the traditional view that individuals within the household share the same preferences or pool their resources. The literature also recognizes that rights, resources, and responsibilities of household members—especially men and women—may be different.
Quisumbing, Agnes R. 2003. What have we learned from research on intrahousehold allocation? In Household decisions, gender, and development: a synthesis of recent research. Quisumbing, Agnes R., ed. Chapter 1. Pp. 1-18. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/129648