The seriousness of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Ethiopia is widely acknowledged. Since the first HIV case was recorded in 1986, prevalence rates rose rapidly during the 1990s. By the end of 2003, it was estimated that 1.7 million people in the country (with a total population of over 70 million) had already died from AIDS and a further 1–2.3 million were living with the disease (UNAIDS, UNICEF, and WHO 2004). In addition, it is estimated that there are around 700,000 children under the age of 17 who have lost either one or both parents to AIDS. Ethiopia is classified (along with Nigeria, China, India, and Russia) as belonging to the “next wave countries” with large populations at risk from HIV infection, which will eclipse the current focal point of the epidemic in central and southern Africa (NIC 2002).
Bishop-Sambrook, Clare; Alemayehu, Nigatu; Assegid, Yirgalem; Woldewahid, Gebremedhim; and Gebremedhin, Berhanu. 2006. The Rural HIV/AIDS Epidemic in Ethiopia and Its Implications for Market-Led Agricultural Development. In AIDS, poverty, and hunger. Gilespie, Stuart (Ed.). Chapter 13. Pp. 245-260. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/129579