This case study identifies institutional problems that constrain efficient use of cropland in the communal areas of KwaZulu-Natal, describes interventions to address some of these problems, and demonstrates the outcomes of appropriate institutional change in the areas studied. It deals with aspects of institutional change introduced in Chapter 2 and highlights relationships between property rights to land and land use discussed in Chapter 13. Participatory research techniques were used to adapt existing institutions in the study areas. Cross-sectional survey data gathered from households in follow-up surveys were then analyzed using linear discriminant and regression techniques to identify efficiency and equity outcomes of the institutional changes. The surveys delivered useful information about the impacts of institutional change, and the participatory elements of the case study exposed critical problems and provided valuable insights into policy interventions to improve customary institutions. The findings also have implications for the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi) framework described in the introduction to Part 3.
Lyne, Michael C. 2009. Institutional change to promote a rental market for cropland in the communal areas of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. In Institutional economics perspectives on African agricultural development. ed. Johann F. Kirsten, Andrew R. Dorward, Colin Poulton, and Nick Vink. Chapter 16. Pp. 359-374. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/129493