This study is motivated by the idea that even though participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E) is widely accepted as a tool to manage development programs to be effective, its application is widely constrained by its high start-up resource requirements in terms of both finance and time. However, this paper argues that after the initial investment is made, the payback from using PM&E is much higher both in terms of grassroots-level learning, empowerment, and capacity building and in terms of higher-level strategic decision making which enhances impact.
Zerfu, Elias and Kebede, Sindu W. 2013. Filling the learning gap in program implementation using participatory monitoring and evaluation: Lessons from farmer field schools in Zanzibar. IFPRI Discussion Paper 1256. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute. http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/127475