Biofortification is increasingly seen as an additional tool to combat micronutrient malnutrition. This paper presents, for the first time, evidence on the costs and potential benefits of biofortification for a large number of countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. We use a modification of the Disability-Adjusted Life Years framework to conclude that the intervention can make a significant impact on the burden of micronutrient deficiencies in the developing world, and can do so in a highly cost-effective manner.
Meenakshi, Jonnalagadda V.; Johnson, Nancy; Manyong, Victor M.; de Groote, Hugo; Javelosa, Josyline; Yanggen, David; Naher, Firdousi; González Carolina; Garcia, James and Meng, Erika. 2007. How cost-effective is biofortification in combating micronutrient malnutrition? HarvestPlus Working Paper 2. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). http://ebrary.ifpri.org/cdm/ref/collection/p15738coll2/id/127460